Blooming
Blooming smile
   
 
 
Interceptive Treatment
Adult Treatment
Jaw Surgery
Retention
F A Q
Glossary
PARTS OF YOUR BRACES
appliance
Any device used to influence the growth or position of teeth.
arch wire
A metal wire which is attached to your brackets to move your teeth.
band

A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and is cemented into place.

 
bracket

An orthodontic attachment secured to a tooth for the purpose of attaching an arch wire. (Brackets with an attached arch wire are parts that "make" the appliance or brace.)

 
buccal tube

A small metal part that is welded on the outside of a molar band. The buccal tube contains slots to hold archwires, lip bumpers, facebows and other things your orthodontist uses to move your teeth.

 
power chain

A stretchable plastic chain used to hold archwires into brackets and to move teeth.

impression

A negative copy of a structure, such as a tooth or dental arch; usually made with an elastic compound for the purpose of making an exact positive replica in plaster.

 
interceptive orthodontics

An extension of preventive orthodontics that may include minor local tooth movement in an otherwise normally developing dentition

 
o-rings

A small plastic piece, shaped like a donut, which is used to hold the arch wires in the brackets on your teeth

 
mouthguard

A device that is used to protect your mouth from injury when you are participating in sports. The use of a mouthguard is especially important for orthodontic patients to prevent injuries.

 
orthodontics

Also known as Dentofacial Orthopedics. The area of dentistry concerned with the supervision, guidance and correction of the dentofacial structures including those conditions that require movement of teeth.

 
overbite
Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth
RPE rapid palatal expander
A device used to make your upper jaw wider.
retainer

Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain teeth in corrected positions during the period of adaptation following corrective treatment.

 
retention

The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.

 
separator

A plastic or metal part which the orthodontist uses to create space between your teeth for bands.

 
underbite

Retrusion and protrusion of the lower jaw.

wax

A clear wax used to prevent your braces from irritating your lips when your braces are first put on.

 
THE ORTHODONTIST'S TOOLS
band remover
A special plier which the orthodontist uses to remove bands from your teeth.
bite stick

A device the orthodontist uses to help put on your bands. The orthodontist puts the band in place, then asks you to bite down on the bite stick to help push the band in place.

 
cephalometric viewer

An x-ray viewer.

cheek retractors

Small plastic pieces used to draw back your lips and cheeks so the orthodontist can more easily see your teeth and work in your mouth

 
curing light

A special UV light used to help attach brackets to your teeth.

distal end cutter

A special plier used to cut off the ends of your arch wires.

explorer

A hook-like fine pointed instrument used in examining the teeth.

interproximal stripper

A device used to remove a small amount of enamel from between your teeth. The stripper is used to create extra space for crowded teeth

 
mathieu plier

A special plier which locks when it closes so it holds on to small parts.

pin and ligature cutter

A special plier used to cut off arch wires, ligatures, etc.

scaler

A tool with a curved hook on one end. The orthodontist uses the scaler to remove excess cement and check for gaps.

 
 
ORTHODONTIC PROCEDURE
etching
A procedure where a weak acid is spread on the front of your teeth to ready your teeth for brackets. The etching helps your brackets stay in place.
 
banding

The process of cementing orthodontic bands to your teeth

bonding

The process of attaching brackets to your teeth using a special safe adhesive.

cephalometric x-rays

An x-ray of the head that shows whether your teeth and bones are aligned properly, and whether they are growing properly.

 
consultation

A meeting with your orthodontist to discuss the treatment plan.

debanding

The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

debonding

The removal of the brackets from your teeth.

extraoral photograph

Facial photos.

impressions

The first step in making a model of your teeth. A container filled with alginate is placed in your mouth and the alginate hardens to produce a mold of your teeth.

 
interceptive orthodontic treatment

Orthodontic treatment usually done when you are 6 to 10 years of age. The objective of interceptive orthodontic treatment is to expand your palate and make other corrections, so that your later orthodontic treatment goes quicker and is less painful.

 
ligation

A process where an archwire is attached to the brackets on your teeth.

panoramic x-ray

An x-ray taken by a machine that rotates around your head to give the orthodontist a picture of your teeth, jaws and other important information.

 
records appointment

One of the initial appointments with your orthodontist. The orthodontist or assistant takes pictures, x-rays and impressions to determine the best treatment plan.

 
tightening your braces

A process that occurs about every 3 to 6 weeks when you have braces. The orthodontist and assistant will make adjustments to the wires in your braces or changes the wires.

 
wax bite

A procedure to measure how well your teeth come together. You bite a sheet of wax and leave bitemark in the wax. The orthodontist looks at the bitemarks to see how well your teeth are aligned. It is also used to orient the models of your teeth.

 
 
 
 
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